Biopesticides are pesticides derived from natural materials such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals. Biopesticides fall into three major categories: biochemical, microbial, and plant-incorporated protectants (PIPs).
Biopesticides are an important part of integrated pest management (IPM) programs and can be used in many different ways to manage pests. For example, biopesticides can be used as a standalone treatment or in combination with other pest management practices such as mechanical control, cultural control, and crop rotation.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates all pesticides, including biopesticides, under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). As part of the EPA’s registration process for new pesticides, applicants must submit extensive data about the pesticide’s efficacy and human health and environmental impacts.
The data requirements for biopesticide registration can vary depending on the type of biopesticide being registered. For example, microbial pesticides that contain a new active ingredient not previously registered with the EPA will require more data than a biochemical pesticide that uses an already-registered active ingredient.
The registration process for biopesticides can also be more complex than for conventional chemical pesticides because of the need to assess nontarget effects on beneficial organisms such as pollinators. In addition, the EPA must consider any unique hazards posed by each type of biopesticide during reviews of registration applications.
As a result of these complexities, it is important to work with a knowledgeable biopesticide registration service provider who can help ensure that your application is complete and accurate. A good registration service provider will also be up-to-date on the latest EPA regulatory requirements and have a deep understanding of the data needs for each type of biopesticide.